Archive for the ‘fonts’ Category

Carlinga for Typing Diacritics

17 March 2011

Accents, circumflexes, cedillas and umlauts. Four types of diacritic marks commonly used in European and other languages. But English rarely uses any. Often it will retain diacritics when first borrowing a word, then gradually lose them. “Depot” is rarely written anymore as depôt (or dépôt) and coöperation has become cooperation.

This lack of need for diacritics meant that in the past, when computers had more limitations in memory and processing power, the English-speaking people who developed software did not include diacritics. For people needing diacritics, this created a problem that has never been completely resolved.

For North American languages, the Language Geek provides an excellent set of fonts and keyboard layouts to assist in typing—at no charge.

Carlinga is another excellent resource. Also free of charge, Carlinga works in the background waiting for you to type a pre-programmed key sequence, then it silently jumps in and replaces the sequence with the programmed equivalent.

For example, type ,\e and Carlinga will convert it into è. Type ,/h and you get an ħ. Or ,/l to get a ł. Generally, it does not matter what software you are using, though some software programs may not support the characters (in which case you are out of luck for that software).

Another nice feature of Carlinga is that it can be modified in case your character is not pre-programmed.

Carlinga comes with a PDF file showing all the pre-programmed characters, but if you need to find a character not in the list, see List of Unicode characters. If you have Word for Windows, you can also find characters through the insert symbol feature. On Word 2007/2010, it is Insert > Symbol > More symbols. Unicode fonts with lots of characters to look for include Arial Unicode MS and Lucinda Sans Unicode.

Carlinga requires no installation or uninstallation.

For fonts supporting a wide range of characters, see the Language Geek and Unicode fonts, one of which is the pleasant-looking Doulos SIL font.

Kiranti-Koits/Sunwar: Language Work in Nepal

11 November 2007

In Eastern Nepal, Sunwar (suz) is spoken by about 26,000 (2001 census) in about 30 villages. According to Dr. Lal Rapacha, founder and director of the Research Institute for Kiratology, the preferred name for the people is Kiranti-Koits (pronounced with a nasalized “o” sound). The rest of this post has been deleted due to misunderstandings from the content.

Unicode-Enabled Fonts

18 June 2006

How can you write in a langauge so everyone can read it without needing a special font (character set)? Write in Unicode, a standard designed to include all languages. Not all software is compatible with Unicode and there are other issues as well, but here are some fonts available with Windows or free on the Internet. (more…)

New SIL Fonts

17 June 2006

Mike Cahill of SIL introduced three new Unicode fonts on the Linguist List on 31 May 2006:

Charis SIL font

Doulos SIL font Gentium

Doulos SIL font

I'll try them out and report on how well they work for Makah. Thanks to Adam Werle for the tip!